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Table 1

Demographic and baseline characteristics

Whole populationG1 controlG2 electronic logbook aloneG3 electronic logbook + teleconsultations
N (randomized) 180 61 60 59 
N baseline HbA1c <8% 10 (5.6%) 4 (6.6%) 2 (3.3%) 4 (6.8%) 
Men 66 (36.7%) 21 (34.4%) 23 (38.3%) 22 (37.3%) 
Age (years) 33.8 ± 12.9 36.8 ± 14.1 32.9 ± 11.7 31.6 ± 12.5 
Highest level of school education completed 
 Low level (college or less) 42 (23.5%) 14 (23.0%) 13 (22.0%) 15 (25.4%) 
 Intermediate level (less than university degree) 38 (21.2%) 13 (21.3%) 12 (20.3%) 13 (22.0%) 
 High level (university degree) 99 (55.3%) 34 (55.7%) 34 (57.6%) 31 (52.5%) 
BMI 24.9 ± 5.2 25.1 ± 6.8 23.8 ± 3.3 25.8 ± 5 
Duration of diabetes (years) 16.4 ± 9.6 16.9 ± 10.5 17.6 ± 8.9 14.7 ± 9.1 
Retinopathy 52/173 (30.1%) 17/58 (29.3%) 23/59 (39%) 12/56 (21.4%) 
Nephropathy 21/177(11.9%) 4/58 (6.9%) 10 (16.7%) 7 (11.9%) 
Clinical neuropathy 20/178 (11.2%) 9/59 (15.3%) 4 (6.7%) 7 (11.9%) 
Insulin pump 36.7% (66) 36.1% (22) 36.7% (22) 36.7% (22) 
HbA1c at baseline 9.07 ± 1.07 8.91 ± 0.90 9.19 ± 1.14 9.11 ± 1.14 
Whole populationG1 controlG2 electronic logbook aloneG3 electronic logbook + teleconsultations
N (randomized) 180 61 60 59 
N baseline HbA1c <8% 10 (5.6%) 4 (6.6%) 2 (3.3%) 4 (6.8%) 
Men 66 (36.7%) 21 (34.4%) 23 (38.3%) 22 (37.3%) 
Age (years) 33.8 ± 12.9 36.8 ± 14.1 32.9 ± 11.7 31.6 ± 12.5 
Highest level of school education completed 
 Low level (college or less) 42 (23.5%) 14 (23.0%) 13 (22.0%) 15 (25.4%) 
 Intermediate level (less than university degree) 38 (21.2%) 13 (21.3%) 12 (20.3%) 13 (22.0%) 
 High level (university degree) 99 (55.3%) 34 (55.7%) 34 (57.6%) 31 (52.5%) 
BMI 24.9 ± 5.2 25.1 ± 6.8 23.8 ± 3.3 25.8 ± 5 
Duration of diabetes (years) 16.4 ± 9.6 16.9 ± 10.5 17.6 ± 8.9 14.7 ± 9.1 
Retinopathy 52/173 (30.1%) 17/58 (29.3%) 23/59 (39%) 12/56 (21.4%) 
Nephropathy 21/177(11.9%) 4/58 (6.9%) 10 (16.7%) 7 (11.9%) 
Clinical neuropathy 20/178 (11.2%) 9/59 (15.3%) 4 (6.7%) 7 (11.9%) 
Insulin pump 36.7% (66) 36.1% (22) 36.7% (22) 36.7% (22) 
HbA1c at baseline 9.07 ± 1.07 8.91 ± 0.90 9.19 ± 1.14 9.11 ± 1.14 

Data are means ± SD or n (%).

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