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TABLE 1

Laboratory Values on Presentation and Associated Reference Ranges

Measured ValueReference Range
Sodium, mEq/L 139 135–145 
Potassium, mEq/L 4.1 3.5–5 
Chloride, mEq/L 102 98–108 
Creatinine, mg/dL 0.8 0.5–1.2 
BUN, mg/dL 25 7–17 
Carbon dioxide, mmol/L 10 23–32 
Glucose, mg/dL 136 65–99 
Anion gap, mEq/L 27 5–15 
β-Hydroxybutyrate, mmol/L 8.8 0.02–0.27 
VBG pH 7.154 7.32–7.42 
VBG pCO2, mmHg 27.8 41–51 
VBG pO2, mmHg 22.6 25–40 
Lactic acid, mmol/L 0.7–2.1 
Ethanol, mg/dL < 10 0–50 
Salicylates, mg/dL < 3 50–300 
Ethylene glycol, μg/mL < 10 ≤10 
A1C, % <5.7 
Measured ValueReference Range
Sodium, mEq/L 139 135–145 
Potassium, mEq/L 4.1 3.5–5 
Chloride, mEq/L 102 98–108 
Creatinine, mg/dL 0.8 0.5–1.2 
BUN, mg/dL 25 7–17 
Carbon dioxide, mmol/L 10 23–32 
Glucose, mg/dL 136 65–99 
Anion gap, mEq/L 27 5–15 
β-Hydroxybutyrate, mmol/L 8.8 0.02–0.27 
VBG pH 7.154 7.32–7.42 
VBG pCO2, mmHg 27.8 41–51 
VBG pO2, mmHg 22.6 25–40 
Lactic acid, mmol/L 0.7–2.1 
Ethanol, mg/dL < 10 0–50 
Salicylates, mg/dL < 3 50–300 
Ethylene glycol, μg/mL < 10 ≤10 
A1C, % <5.7 

BUN, blood urea nitrogen; pCO2, partial pressure of carbon dioxide; pO2, partial pressure of oxygen; VBG, venous blood gas.

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