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TABLE 1

Patient Characteristics

UC Group (n = 193)INV Group (n = 190)P
Age, years, mean (SD) 64.7 (16.0) 62.2 (17.1) 0.156 
Male sex, % 45.6 43.9 0.758 
Race, %   0.928 
White 44.3 44.2 
African American 52.4 52.6 
Hispanic 1.1 0.6 
Other 2.2 2.6  
Weight, kg, mean (SD) 93.3 (30.5) 95.8 (37.1) 0.464 
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD) 32.9 (10.7) 33.6 (12.5) 0.580 
Type of diabetes, %   0.151 
Type 1 5.1 9.2 
Type 2 94.9 90.8  
ICU admission, n (%) 3 (1.6) 4 (2.1) 0.722 
Surgery, n (%) 9 (4.7) 19 (10.0) 0.051 
NPO during admission, n (%) 33 (17.1) 72 (37.9) <0.001 
Corticosteroid during admission, n (%) 31 (16.1) 39 (20.5) 0.291 
Case severity index, mean (SD) 2.0 (2.1) 2.2 (2.7) 0.240 
Length of stay, days, mean (SD) 7.0 (5.1) 7.0 (6.0) 0.936 
Insulin therapy, days, mean (SD) 6.5 (3.7) 6.4 (4.0) 0.857 
UC Group (n = 193)INV Group (n = 190)P
Age, years, mean (SD) 64.7 (16.0) 62.2 (17.1) 0.156 
Male sex, % 45.6 43.9 0.758 
Race, %   0.928 
White 44.3 44.2 
African American 52.4 52.6 
Hispanic 1.1 0.6 
Other 2.2 2.6  
Weight, kg, mean (SD) 93.3 (30.5) 95.8 (37.1) 0.464 
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD) 32.9 (10.7) 33.6 (12.5) 0.580 
Type of diabetes, %   0.151 
Type 1 5.1 9.2 
Type 2 94.9 90.8  
ICU admission, n (%) 3 (1.6) 4 (2.1) 0.722 
Surgery, n (%) 9 (4.7) 19 (10.0) 0.051 
NPO during admission, n (%) 33 (17.1) 72 (37.9) <0.001 
Corticosteroid during admission, n (%) 31 (16.1) 39 (20.5) 0.291 
Case severity index, mean (SD) 2.0 (2.1) 2.2 (2.7) 0.240 
Length of stay, days, mean (SD) 7.0 (5.1) 7.0 (6.0) 0.936 
Insulin therapy, days, mean (SD) 6.5 (3.7) 6.4 (4.0) 0.857 
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