To compare 24-h ABP in normotensive type 1 diabetic patients with and without microalbuminuria.


The study was a retrospective comparison of cases and matched control subjects. The first phase included 35 type 1 diabetic patients, normotensive by OMS criteria. The 23 patients with normoalbuminuria (< 15 μg/min) were compared with 12 patients with microalbuminuria (≥ 15 μg/min). In the second phase, the 12 microalbuminuric patients were paired by sex- and age-matched with 12 normoalbuminuric patients and 12 nondiabetic healthy control subjects. We measured casual systolic and diastolic BP and HR, 24-h ABP and AHR (recorded with a Spacelabs automatic recorder), and microalbuminuria.


No correlation between microalbuminuria and casual BP was observed. Microalbuminuria was correlated significantly with diastolic 24-h APR and nocturnal systolic and diastolic ABP (r = 0.35, 0.38, and 0.33, respectively; P < 0.05) and with AHR during all time periods (24-h, r = 0.46; day, r = 0.39; night, r = 0.39; P < 0.05). Normo- and microalbuminuric patients did not differ in casual BP and HR. However, microalbuminuric patients had a significant increase in systolic 24-h ABP (119.1 ± 8.2 vs. 113.1 ± 8.1, P = 0.05), diastolic 24-h ABP (74.9 ± 7.5 vs. 70.2 ± 5.7, P = 0.04), nocturnal systolic ABP (112.8 ± 7.1 vs. 105.8 ± 7.9, P = 0.01), and AHR during all time periods. The same results were observed when patients were paired by age and sex.


Normotensive microalbuminuric type 1 patients, although strictly comparable with normoalbuminuric patients for casual BP and HR, have an increased ABP and HR, especially during the night. This difference might reflect dysautonomia. Ambulatory measurement of BP and HR is more appropriate than casual measurements in hemodynamic studies of incipient diabetic nephropathies and could be proposed as an interesting tool for an early prediction of diabetic nephropathy.

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